General information about Hiiumaa
Hiiumaa is the second largest island in Estonia. Administratively, Hiiumaa, its nearby islets and Kassari island, form Hiiu County. It is the smallest county in Estonia and accounts for only 2.2% of the country’s total area.
Compared to its neighbouring islands, Hiiumaa is 2.6 times smaller than Saaremaa, 5.1 times larger than Muhu and 11.1 times larger than Vormsi.
Size ratios compared with other Baltic islands are as follows:
1.4 times smaller than Åland (including the skerries), 2.9 times smaller than Gotland and 1.3 times smaller than Öland.
However, it is 1.1 times larger than Rügen and 1.7 times larger than Bornholm.
The longest trip on the island from east to west, i.e. from Sarve to Ristna, is 60 km and 45 km from north to south, i.e. from Tahkuna to Rannaküla. The coastline is approximately 326 km.
The highest point is Tornimägi in Kõpu, which reaches 68 metres above sea level. Tornimägi, which is also the highest point in Western Estonia, appeared from the Baltic Ice Lake around 11,000 years ago.
Hiiumaa’s geographical coordinates are: Ristna 22º 2’ 22’’, Sarve 23º 4’ 10’’, Tahkuna Cape 59º 5’ 36’’, Emmaste Rannaküla Cape 58º 41’ 13’’.
Hiiumaa is located 22 km from mainland Estonia and 6 km from its neighbour Saaremaa. It is approximately 250 km to the Swedish coast in the west and 120 km to the Finnish coast in the north.
The distances from the nearest capitals are: Tallinn 120 km, Helsinki 180 km, Stockholm 240 km and Riga 270 km.